Yuri Kudimov Explains Matching Lures and Bait to the Local Fish Species

Yuri Kudimov

Yuri Kudimov is a seasoned angler with a keen knowledge of the importance of proper bait selection. In the following article, Yuri Kudimov provides a comprehensive guide on how to determine the correct bait and lure for the location, climate and species of fish.

When it comes to fishing, one of the key factors that can significantly impact your success is matching your lures and bait to the local fish species. Whether you’re a seasoned angler or just starting out, understanding the importance of this matching game can make a world of difference in your fishing experience.

Below, Yuri Kudimov explores the differences between lures and bait, why matching them to local fish species is crucial, how to rig different types of fishing lures, and offer tips on selecting the right lures and bait. Let’s dive in!

Yuri Kudimov Explains the Difference of Lures and Baits

Fishing lures and bait are both methods of catching fish, but their functions differ. Lures made from plastic, wood, or metal simulate a variety of prey like smaller fish. Meanwhile, fishing bait is either natural food sources or artificial ones that attract the desired species. The choice between using lures or bait often depends on the fishing conditions and the type of fish you’re targeting.

Why Matching Lures and Bait Matters to Local Fish Species

Matching lures and bait to local fish species is the key to a successful day on the water. It matters because it taps into the instinctual nature of fish, triggering their predatory response. When your lures or bait closely resemble their natural prey, you increase the chances of a convincing presentation. Moreover, it’s about adapting to local conditions and seasons.

Yuri Kudimov says that using the right lures and bait tailored to a fish species’ preferences is like speaking their language, ensuring that you’re targeting the right catch. It’s not only about catching more fish but also about respecting the ecosystem and practicing ethical and sustainable angling. So, when you’re out on the water, remember that matching lures and bait is the key to a successful and responsible fishing experience.

Understanding Local Fish Species

Whether you’re new to fishing or a seasoned pro, knowing the habits, preferences, and characteristics of the fish you’re targeting can greatly enhance your chances of a rewarding catch. Local fish species can generally be categorized into two groups: freshwater fish and saltwater fish. Let’s take a closer look at each:

Freshwater Fish

Freshwater fish are found in lakes, rivers, and ponds, and they come in a wide variety of species. Understanding these fish is crucial for those who prefer freshwater angling. Common freshwater fish species include:

  • Bass: Largemouth and smallmouth bass are among the most popular freshwater sportfish. Yuri Kudimov says that they are known for their aggressive feeding habits and are often found near structures in lakes and rivers.
  • Trout: Trout are prized for their delicious taste and are typically found in clear, cold, and well-oxygenated waters. They include species like rainbow, brown, and brook trout.
  • Walleye: Walleye are known for their sharp teeth and are usually found in freshwater lakes and rivers. They are more active during low-light conditions.
  • Panfish: This category includes sunfish, bluegill, crappie, and perch, which are smaller species often sought after by beginners and experienced anglers alike.

Saltwater Fish

Saltwater fish species are diverse and offer a thrilling experience for anglers who prefer coastal and offshore fishing. Yuri Kudimov notes that some common saltwater fish species include:

  • Snapper: Snapper species like red snapper and yellowtail snapper are known for their tasty, flaky meat. They inhabit reefs and rocky structures in coastal waters.
  • Grouper: Groupers are large, powerful fish that often lurk in underwater caves and rocky outcroppings.
  • Mahi-Mahi: Mahi-mahi, also known as dolphin fish or dorado, are fast swimmers often found in warm, open waters. They are a favorite catch among offshore anglers.
  • Saltwater Gamefish: This category includes popular species like marlin, sailfish, and tuna. They are known for their incredible speed and strength, making them targets for experienced anglers.

Rigging Different Types of Fishing Lures and Bait

Yuri KudimovRigging different types of fishing lures is an essential skill for any angler. Each type of lure requires a specific setup to maximize its effectiveness in enticing fish. Here’s a look at some common types of fishing lures and how to rig them:


Crankbait is designed to imitate the swimming motion and appearance of baitfish, making it an effective tool for catching predatory fish such as bass, pike, walleye, and other species. The term “crankbait” comes from the action of the lure when it’s retrieved, which typically involves a crank or reel handle turning to move the bait through the water.


Yuri Kudimov notes that plugs are hard-bodied lures designed to mimic injured fish. To rig them, attach your line to the line tie on the front and use a loop knot for improved movement. Adjust your retrieval speed and depth to imitate the action of wounded prey.


Jerkbaits are a type of fishing lure designed to mimic the erratic and twitching movements of injured or fleeing baitfish. These lures are highly effective for attracting predatory fish, particularly in clear water conditions and when fish are actively feeding. Jerkbaits are characterized by their slender, fish-like shape and typically have a hard, plastic body.


These specialized baits are equipped with spinning metal blades that create vibrations, noise, and flash that the fish cannot resist. The best way to use these lures is either a cast-and-retrieve technique or a lift-and-drop method for optimum effect.


Jigs consist of a lead-headed lure with a soft plastic body. Yuri Kudimov says, to rig them, thread the plastic bait onto the jig hook and secure it in place. Use a loop knot for better motion. Jigs are highly versatile and can be fished at different depths and in various styles.

Topwater lures

Topwater lures are specifically designed to bob along the surface of the water in order to attract fish with their lifelike motions. When you want to use a topwater lure for fishing purposes, cast it beyond where your desired target species is located and drag it through the area, they typically strike from using an action that imitates what prey would look like when swimming by.

Soft plastic baits

Yuri Kudimov notes that soft plastic baits are rigged by inserting the hook through the bait and ensuring it’s weedless. This allows for a more natural presentation. The choice of hook and weight depends on the bait’s size and the target species.

Yuri KudimovInline spinners

Inline spinners are a type of fishing lure designed to mimic small fish or other aquatic prey. They are known for their effectiveness in attracting a wide range of predatory fish, both in freshwater and saltwater environments.


Anglers often turn to worms as bait for many fish species, since they are easy and widely available. Rigging them with a jighead or split shot helps ensure that the hook can reach down into the water correctly, then you just need to experiment until you discover what type of retrieval technique works best on your target fish.

Live Saltwater Fishing Bait

Yuri Kudimov says that using live bait, such as crabs, cut bait, clams, mussels, shrimp, or squid, in saltwater fishing has proved to be effective when trying to catch fish species like grouper and snapper. To increase your chances of drawing the targeted fish closer try presenting it naturally with fresh bait instead for a more successful outcome.

Selecting the Right Lure for Your Target Fish

Different fish species have varying preferences and feeding habits, so tailoring your choice to match their tastes and the conditions you’re fishing in can significantly improve your chances of a successful catch. Here are some tips on selecting the right lure and bait for your target fish:

Soft Plastics

Soft plastics work well for a wide range of fish, particularly those that feed on smaller prey like worms and insects. Select soft plastic baits that closely resemble the local prey items in terms of size, shape, and color. Yuri Kudimov says to pay attention to the action of the bait in the water, as some species prefer a slow, subtle movement, while others may be attracted to more erratic motions.

Hard Baits

Hard baits are great for imitating fast-swimming prey and are particularly effective for predatory fish. Opt for hard baits that mimic the preferred forage species in the area. Consider the diving depth and retrieve speed to match your target fish’s habitat and behavior.

Spinnerbaits and Buzzbaits

These lures are effective for fish that hunt by sight and are attracted to vibrations and flash. Select spinnerbaits and buzzbaits with blades that match the local forage and water conditions. Pay attention to the color and vibration produced by the blades to entice your target fish.

Things to Consider When Choosing the Right Bait and Lures

Yuri KudimovYuri Kudimov explains that when choosing the right bait and lures for your fishing trip, several factors come into play. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

Consider Size and Color

Size and color matter. Choose lures and bait that are similar in size and color to the common prey of your target fish. Smaller fish may prefer smaller meals, while larger fish may be enticed by larger offerings.

Consider Location

Different types of fish will inhabit different areas, so getting acquainted with local surroundings can be beneficial in deciding which ones are best suited for success. Aspects such as water temperature, current velocity, depth levels, and any vegetation nearby could all impact how a particular species behaves or feeds. With these factors taken into account while choosing effective fishing tools, one may gain an increased chance at catching their desired kind of fish.

Consider the Retrieval Speed and Depth

Yuri Kudimov says that when fishing, it is important to be aware of both the speed and depth at which you’re retrieving your lures. Fish have unique reactions to different speeds and depths, so selecting a lure that suits their individual preferences can make all the difference.

Consider the Weather

Fish activity can be affected by the current weather conditions. Cold temperatures may cause them to become sluggish, while warmer ones can energize them more. Windy days make it tricky for fish to see bait and lures, but rain creates visibility that attracts catches easily with effective baits or fishing gear. Adapting your strategies according to what mother nature brings will increase your chances of success when out angling!

Consider the Season

The time of year can alter fish behavior. During different seasons, fish may have varying feeding habits and preferences. Research local fishing seasons to understand what’s in play.


In conclusion, matching lures and bait to the local fish species is a fundamental aspect of successful angling. By understanding the difference between lures and bait, knowing your local fish species, and selecting the right lures and bait, you can increase your chances of a rewarding day on the water. Remember to consider size, color, location, retrieval speed, weather, and season to fine-tune your approach. With practice, patience, and a bit of know-how, you’ll be reeling in your desired catch in no time. Happy fishing!